Simon Hippenmeyer, Institute of Science and Technology (IST) Klosterneuburg, Austria: "Principles of Neural Stem Cell Lineage Progression"
Thursday 27 June 2019 (12h15 - 13h15) - Bugnon 9 - Petit auditoire
Invited by Lukas Neukomm, Lukas.Neukomm@unil.ch
Abstract: The concerted production of the correct number and diversity of neurons and glia by neural stem cells is essential for intricate neural circuit assembly. In the developing cerebral cortex, radial glia progenitors (RGPs) are responsible for producing all neocortical neurons and certain glia lineages. We recently performed a quantitative clonal analysis by exploiting the unprecedented resolution of the genetic MADM (Mosaic Analysis with Double Markers) technology and discovered a high degree of non-stochasticity and thus deterministic mode of RGP behavior. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms controlling RGP lineage progression through proliferation, neurogenesis and gliogenesis remain unknown. To this end we use quantitative MADM-based experimental paradigms at single RGP resolution to define the cell-autonomous functions of candidate genes and signaling pathways controlling RGP-mediated cortical neuron and glia genesis and postnatal stem cell behavior. Ultimately, our results shall translate into a deeper understanding of brain function and why human brain development is so sensitive to disruption of particular signaling pathways in pathological neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders.