" The Beginnings of the Artemision of Ephesos in the Protogeometric Periods : How to verify cultic activity in the Early Iron Age?"
The Artemision of Ephesos had become one of the most important sanctuaries of the Greek world by theHellenistic period, when the huge temple of the goddess was counted among the "Seven Wonders of theWorld". Achieving this position, however, was a long process the beginning of which will be analysed inthe present lecture.The site was already frequented in the 2nd millennium BC, but the archaeological record is too scanty tospecify if it was already used as a sanctuary during the Late Bronze Age. In the late 11th/10th century BC,indications for cult become more distinct: the functional range of pottery, the continuity of thearchaeozoological profile and probable votive offeringss like miniature vessels and terracotta figurinespoint to a ritual practice focussed on common consumption of food and drink. During the Early Iron Agethe sanctuary was a small sacred precinct without any architecture. Votive offerings were rare andmodest, and this did not change much in the Late Geometric period.The paper will discuss in how far the analysis of deposits of artefacts and animal bones make it possibleto distinguish a sanctuary from habitation or artisan districts.
Wednesday 19 October 2016 - 13h15 - Anthropole - 4030